Doodad Scripts#

Doodads are programmed using (ES5) JavaScript which gives them their behavior and ability to interact with the player and other doodads.

Doodad scripts are run during "Play Mode" when a level containing the doodad is being played. You can install a JavaScript (.js) file into a doodad using the doodad command line program that shipped with your game:

> doodad install-script index.js filename.doodad

An example Doodad script looks like the following:

// main() is called on level initialization for each
// instance ("actor") of the doodad.
function main() {
    // Logs go to the game's log file (standard output on Linux/Mac).
    console.log("%s initialized!", Self.Title);

    // If our doodad has 'solid' parts that should prohibit movement,
    // define the hitbox here. Coordinates are relative so 0,0 is the
    // top-left pixel of the doodad's sprite.
    Self.SetHitbox(0, 0, 64, 12);

    // Handle a collision when another doodad (or player) has entered
    // the space of our doodad.
    Events.OnCollide(function(e) {
        // The `e` object holds information about the event.
        console.log("Actor %s has entered our hitbox!", e.Actor.ID());

        // InHitbox is `true` if we defined a hitbox for ourselves, and
        // the colliding actor is inside of the hitbox we defined.
        if (e.InHitbox) {
            // To prohibit movement, return false from the OnCollide handler.
            // If you don't return false, the actor is allowed to keep on
            // moving through.
            return false;
        }

        // When movement is finalized, OnCollide is called one final time
        // with e.Settled=true; it is only then that a doodad should run
        // event handlers for a logical collide event.
        if (e.Settled) {
            // do something
            Message.Publish("power", true);
        }
    });

    // OnLeave is called when an actor, who was previously colliding with
    // us, is no longer doing so.
    Events.OnLeave(function(e) {
        console.log("Actor %s has stopped colliding!", e.Actor.ID());
    })
}

Installing a Doodad Script#

Scripts can be attached to your doodad either in-game (using the Doodad Properties window in the editor) or by using the command-line doodad program.

In-game Script UI

Using the command-line doodad tool:

# Attach the JavaScript at "script.js" to the doodad file "filename.doodad"
doodad install-script script.js filename.doodad

# To view the script currently attached to a doodad
# (prints the script to your terminal)
doodad show --script filename.doodad

Testing Your Script#

The best way to test your doodad script is to use it in a level!

Run the game in a console to watch the log output, and you can use functions like console.log() in your script to help debug issues. Drag your custom doodad into a level and playtest it! Your script's main() function is called when the level instance of your doodad is initialized.

JavaScript API#

The following global variables are available to all Doodad scripts.

Global Functions#

Some useful globally available functions:

EndLevel()#

This ends the current level, i.e. to be used by the goal flag.

FailLevel(message string)#

Trigger a failure condition in the level. For example, a hazardous doodad can cause a death message as though the player had touched a "fire" pixel on the level.

SetCheckpoint(Point)#

Set the respawn point for the player character. Usually, this will be relative to a checkpoint flag's location on the level.

Events.OnCollide(function(e) {
    if (e.Settled && e.Actor.IsPlayer()) {
        SetCheckpoint(Self.Position());
    }
})

Flash(message string, args...)#

Flash a message on screen to the user.

Flashed messages appear at the bottom of the screen and fade out after a few moments. If multiple messages are flashed at the same time, they stack from the bottom of the window with the newest message on bottom.

Don't abuse this feature as spamming it may annoy the player.

GetTick() uint64#

Returns the current game tick. This value started at zero when the game was launched and increments every frame while running.

time.Now() time.Time#

This exposes the Go standard library function time.Now() that returns the current date and time as a Go time.Time value.

time.Add(t time.Time, milliseconds int64) time.Time#

Add a number of milliseconds to a Go Time value.


Self#

Self holds data about the current doodad instance loaded inside of a level. Many of these are available on other actors that collide with your doodad in the OnCollide handler, at event.Actor.

String attributes:

  • Self.Title: the doodad title.
  • Self.Filename: the doodad filename (useful for inventory items).

Methods are below.

Self.ID() string#

Returns the "actor ID" of the doodad instance loaded inside of a level. This is usually a random UUID string that was saved with the level data.

Self.IsPlayer() bool#

New in v0.8.0

Check if the doodad is the player character. Some enemy creature doodads check this so as to disable their normal A.I. movement pattern and allow player controls to set its animations.

Self.GetTag(string name) string#

Return a "tag" that was saved with the doodad's file data.

Tags are an arbitrary key/value data store attached to the doodad file. You can use the doodad.exe tool shipped with the game to view and manage tags on your own custom doodads:

# Command-line doodad tool usage:

# Show information about a doodad, look for the "Tags:" section.
doodad show filename.doodad

# Set a tag. "-t" for short.
doodad edit-doodad --tag 'color=blue' filename.doodad

# Set the tag to empty to remove it.
doodad edit-doodad -t 'color=' filename.doodad

This is useful for a set of multiple doodads to share the same script but have different behavior depending on how each is tagged.

Self.Position() Point#

Returns the doodad's current position in the level.

Point is an object with .X and .Y integer values.

var p = Self.Position()
console.log("I am at %d,%d", p.X, p.Y)

Self.MoveTo(Point)#

Teleport the current doodad to an exact point on the level.

// Teleport to origin.
Self.MoveTo(Point(0, 0))

Self.SetHitbox(x, y, w, h int)#

Configure the "solid hitbox" of this doodad.

The X and Y coordinates are relative to the doodad's sprite: (0,0) is the top left pixel of the doodad. The W and H are the width and height of the hitbox starting at those coordinates.

When another doodad enters the area of your doodad's sprite (for example, the player character has entered the square shape of your doodad sprite) your script begins to receive OnCollide events from the approaching actor.

The OnCollide event tells you if the invading doodad is inside your custom hitbox which you define here (InHitbox) making it easy to make choices based on that status.

Here's an example script for a hypothetical "locked door" doodad that acts solid but only on a thin rectangle in the middle of its sprite:

// Example script for a "locked door"
function main() {
    // Suppose the doodad's sprite size is 64x64 pixels square.
    // The door is in side profile where the door itself ranges from pixels
    //    (20, 0) to (24, 64)
    Self.SetHitbox(20, 0, 24, 64)

    // OnCollide handlers.
    Events.OnCollide(function(e) {
        // The convenient e.InHitbox tells you if the colliding actor is
        // inside the hitbox we defined.
        if (e.InHitbox) {
            // Return false to protest the collision (act solid).
            return false;
        }
    });
}

Self.Hitbox() Rect#

New in v0.8.0

Return the current hitbox of your doodad. If you did not call Self.SetHitbox() yourself, then this will return the hitbox that was configured on the Doodad's Properties.

Check Self.Hitbox().IsZero() to see whether the doodad has a hitbox configured at all (having a value of 0,0,0,0). For example, the generic doodad scripts run checks like this:

function main() {
    // If the doodad does not have a hitbox set, default it to
    // the full square canvas size of this doodad.
    if (Self.Hitbox().IsZero()) {
        var size = Self.Size();
        Self.SetHitbox(0, 0, size, size);
    }
}

Self.SetVelocity(Velocity)#

Set the doodad's velocity. Velocity is a type that can be created with the Velocity() constructor, which takes an X and Y value:

Self.SetVelocity( Velocity(3.2, 7.0) );

A positive X velocity propels the doodad to the right. A positive Y velocity propels the doodad downward.

Self.SetMobile(bool)#

Call SetMobile(true) if the doodad will move on its own.

This is for mobile doodads such as the player character and enemy mobs. Stationary doodads like buttons, doors, and trapdoors do not mark themselves as mobile.

Mobile doodads incur extra work for the game doing collision checking so only set this to true if your doodad will move (i.e. changes its Velocity or Position).

Self.SetMobile(true);

Self.SetGravity(bool)#

Set whether gravity applies to this doodad. By default doodads are stationary and do not fall downwards. The player character and some mobile enemies that want to be affected by gravity should opt in to this.

Self.SetGravity(true);

// HasGravity to check.
console.log(Self.HasGravity()); // true

Self.SetInventory(bool)#

Set whether this doodad has an inventory and can carry items. Doodads without inventories can not pick up keys and other items.

Self.SetInventory(true);
Self.GetInventory(); // true

Self.AddItem(filename string, quantity int)#

Add an item to the current doodad's inventory. The filename is the name of the item to add, such as "key-blue.doodad"

If the quantity is zero, the item goes in as a "key item" which does not show a quantity in your inventory. The four colored keys are examples of this, as compared to the Small Key which has a quantity.

Self.RemoveItem(filename string, quantity int)#

Remove items from the current doodad's inventory.

Self.HasItem(filename string) bool#

Tests if the item is in the inventory.

Self.Inventory() map[string]int#

Returns the doodad's full inventory data, an object that maps filename strings to quantity integers.

Self.ShowLayer(index int)#

Switch the active layer of the doodad to the layer at this index.

A doodad file can contain multiple layers, or images. The first and default layer is at index zero, the second layer at index 1, and so on.

Self.ShowLayer(0);  // 0 is the first and default layer
Self.ShowLayer(1);  // show the second layer instead

Self.ShowLayerNamed(name string)#

Switch the active layer by name instead of index.

Each layer has an arbitrary name that it can be addressed by instead of needing to keep track of the layer index.

Doodads created by the command-line doodad tool will have their layers named automatically by their file name. The layer indexes will retain the same order of file names passed in, with 0 being the first file:

# Doodad tool-created doodads have layers named after their file names.
# example "open-1.png" will be named "open-1"
doodad convert door.png open-1.png open-2.png open-3.png my-door.doodad

Self.AddAnimation(name string, interval int, layers list)#

Register a named animation for your doodad. interval is the time in milliseconds before going to the next frame. layers is an array of layer names or indexes to be used for the animation.

Doodads can animate by having multiple frames (images) in the same file. Layers are ordered (layer 0 is the first, then increments from there) and each has a name. This function can take either identifier to specify which layers are part of the animation.

// Animation named "open" using named layers, 100ms delay between frames.
Self.AddAnimation("open", 100, ["open-1", "open-2", "open-3"]);

// Animation named "close" using layers by index.
Self.AddAnimation("close", 100, [3, 2, 1]);

Self.PlayAnimation(name string, callback func())#

This starts playing the named animation. The callback function will be called when the animation has completed.

Self.PlayAnimation("open", function() {
    console.log("I've finished opening!");

    // The callback is optional; use null if you don't need it.
    Self.PlayAnimation("close", null);
});

Self.IsAnimating() bool#

Returns true if an animation is currently being played.

Self.StopAnimation()#

Stops any currently playing animation.

  • Self.Doodad(): a pointer to the doodad's file data.
  • Self.Doodad().Title: get the title of the doodad file.
  • Self.Doodad().Author: the name of the author who wrote the doodad.
  • Self.Doodad().Script: the doodad's JavaScript source code. Note that modifying this won't have any effect in-game, as the script had already been loaded into the interpreter.
  • Self.Doodad().GameVersion: the version of {{ app_name }} that was used when the doodad was created.

Self.Destroy()#

This destroys the current instance of the doodad as it appears in a level.

For example, a Key destroys itself when it's picked up so that it disappears from the level and can't be picked up again. Call this function when the doodad instance should be destroyed and removed from the active level.


Console Logging#

Like in node.js and the web browser, console.log and friends are available for logging from a doodad script. Logs are emitted to the same place as the game's logs are.

console.log("Hello world!");
console.log("Interpolate strings '%s' and numbers '%d'", "string", 123);
console.debug("Debug messages shown when the game is in debug mode");
console.warn("Warning-level messages");
console.error("Error-level messages");

Timers and Intervals#

Like in a web browser, functions such as setTimeout and setInterval are supported in doodad scripts.

setTimeout(function, milliseconds int) int#

setTimeout calls your function after the specified number of milliseconds.

1000ms are in one second.

Returns an integer "timeout ID" that you'll need if you want to cancel the timeout with clearTimeout.

setInterval(function, milliseconds int) int#

setInterval calls your function repeatedly after every specified number of milliseconds.

Returns an integer "interval ID" that you'll need if you want to cancel the interval with clearInterval.

clearTimeout(id int)#

Cancels the timeout with the given ID.

clearInterval(id int)#

Cancels the interval with the given ID.


Type Constructors#

Some methods may need data of certain native types that aren't available in JavaScript. These global functions will initialize data of the correct types:

RGBA(red, green, blue, alpha uint8)#

Creates a Color type from red, green, blue and alpha values (integers between 0 and 255).

Point(x, y int)#

Creates a Point object with X and Y coordinates.

Vector(x, y float64)#

Creates a Vector object with X and Y dimensions.


Event Handlers#

Doodad scripts can respond to certain events using functions on the global Events variable.

Events.OnCollide( func(event) )#

OnCollide is called when another actor is colliding with your doodad's sprite box. The function is given a CollideEvent object which has the following attributes:

  • Actor: the doodad which is colliding with your doodad.
  • Overlap (Rect): a rectangle of where the two doodads' boxes are overlapping, relative to your doodad sprite's box. That is, if the Actor was moving in from the left side of your doodad, the X value would be zero and W would be the number of pixels of overlap.
  • InHitbox (bool): true if the colliding actor's hitbox is intersecting with the hitbox you defined with SetHitbox().
  • Settled (bool): This is false when the game is trying to move the colliding doodad and is sussing out whether or not your doodad will act solid and protest its movement. When the game has settled the location of the colliding doodad it will call OnCollide a final time with Settled=true. If your doodad has special behavior when touched (i.e. a button that presses in), you should wait until Settled=true before running your handler for that.

Events.OnLeave( func(event) )#

Called when an actor that was colliding with your doodad is no longer colliding (or has left your doodad's sprite box).

The event argument is the same as OnCollide, with the Actor available and Settled=true (others left as default zero values).

Events.RunKeypress( func(event) )#

Handle a keypress. event is an event.State from the render engine.

TODO: document that.


Pub/Sub Communication#

Doodads in a level are able to send and receive messages to other doodads, either those that they are linked to or those that listen on a more 'broadcast' frequency.

Linking is when the level author connected two doodads together with the Link Tool. The two doodads' scripts can communicate with each other in-game over that link.

For example, if the level author links a Button to an Electric Door, the button can send a "power" event to the door so that it can open when a player touches the button.

Doodads communicate in a "publisher/subscriber" model: one doodad publishes an event with a name and data, and other doodads subscribe to the named event to receive that data.

Official, Standard Pub/Sub Messages#

The following message names and data types are used by the game's default doodads. You're free to use these in your own custom doodads.

If extending this list with your own custom events, be careful to choose a unique namespace to prevent collision with other users' custom doodads and their custom event names.

Name Data Type Description
power boolean Communicates a "powered" (true) or "not powered" state, as in a Button to an Electric Door.
broadcast:state-change boolean An "ON/OFF" button was hit and all state blocks should flip.
broadcast:checkpoint string A checkpoint flag was reached. Value is the actor ID of the checkpoint flag.
sticky:down boolean A sticky button is pressed Down. If linked to other normal buttons, it tells them to press down as well. Sends a false when the Sticky Button itself pops back up.
switch:toggle boolean A switch has been toggled from on to off.

Message.Publish(name string, data...)#

Publish a named message to all of your linked doodads.

data is a list of arbitrary arguments to send with the message.

// Example button doodad that emits a "power" (bool) state to linked doodads
// that subscribe to this event.
function main() {
    // When an actor collides with the button, emit a powered state.
    Events.OnCollide(function(e) {
        Message.Publish("power", true);
    });

    // When the actor leaves the button, turn off the power.
    Events.OnLeave(function(e) {
        Message.Publish("power", false);
    })
}

Message.Subscribe(name string, function)#

Subscribe to a named message from any linked doodads.

The function receives the data that was passed with the message. Its data type is arbitrary and will depend on the type of message.

// Example electronic device doodad that responds to power from linked buttons.
function main() {
    // Boolean to store if our electric device has juice.
    var powered = false;

    // Do something while powered
    setInterval(function() {
        if (powered) {
            console.log("Brmm...")
        }
    }, 1000);

    // Subscribe to the `power` event by a linked button or other power source.
    Message.Subscribe("power", function(boolValue) {
        console.log("Powered %s!", boolValue === true ? "on" : "off");
        powered = boolValue;
    });
}

Message.Broadcast(name string, data...)#

This publishes a named message to every doodad in the level, whether it was linked to the broadcaster or not.

For example the "ON/OFF" button globally toggles a boolean state in every state block that subscribes to the broadcast:state-change event.

If you were to broadcast an event like power it would activate every single power-sensitive doodad on the level.

// Example two-state block that globally receives the state-change broadcast.
function main() {
    var myState = false;
    Message.Subscribe("broadcast:state-change", function(boolValue) {
      // Most two-state blocks just flip their own state, ignoring the
      // boolValue passed with this message.
      myState = !myState;
    });
}

// Example ON/OFF block that emits the state-change broadcast. It also
// subscribes to the event to keep its own state in sync with all the other
// ON/OFF blocks on the level when they get hit.
function main() {
    var myState = false;

    // Listen for other ON/OFF button activations to keep our state in
    // sync with theirs.
    Message.Subscribe("broadcast:state-change", function(boolValue) {
        myState = boolValue;
    });

    // When collided with, broadcast the state toggle to all state blocks.
    Events.OnCollide(function(e) {
        if (e.Settled) {
            myState = !!myState;
            Message.Broadcast("broadcast:state-change", myState);
        }
    })
}